Among the foot problems that we have been treating effectively for many years we can find: sports trauma (e.g. sprain), hallux valgus, inflammation of the metatarsal, plantar fasciitis, and calcaneus spur.
The hallux valgus is a deformation of the foot formed by the removal of the head of the first metatarsal from the others. Although it is not hereditary, it is correct to say that there is a genetic predisposition to laxity of the ligaments and flexor muscles of the big toe and the plantar area. The length of these last favors the formation of the protuberance that characterizes this pathology.
The metatarsal, instead, is that set of 5 long and thin bones of the foot placed parallel in the forefoot. There may be an annoying and painful inflammation called metatarsalgia that precisely involves the forefoot, which is the area just before the fingers. It is triggered by a chain of causes, such as: congenital claw foot that prevents a proper distribution of weight on the foot in the long term, obesity, very intense physical activity, certain types of shoes, such as high heels worn often.
Plantar fasciitis is due to an inflammation of the lower sole of the foot that can reach the heel, resulting in considerable suffering. It is usually generated by excessive stress and microtrauma repeated over time: the runners are exposed to it, especially if they do not use adequate shoes to cushion the impacts.
The calcaneus spur, in the end, is a bone extension of the calcaneus, the largest bone of the foot. It usually arises from a constant or repeated overload, for instance when a worker stands for a long time, or a person is heavily overweight.